overhead view of various sizes of envelopes, in varying shades of white and cream

How do I know if a journal is peer-reviewed?

How do I know if a journal is peer-reviewed, and what are the most common types of peer review?

The vast majority of university press journals are peer-reviewed, or refereed. Ulrichsweb is a reliable source to confirm the referee status of more than 300,000 periodicals globally, and details on a journal’s peer review policy and type of peer review are often found on the journal’s webpage. The most common types of peer review are single anonymous, double anonymous, and open. (While some may refer to these as “blind” and “double-blind,” the Association of University Presses recommends using the more inclusive language of “anonymity.”)

  • Single anonymous: The author does not know the identity of the reviewer, but the reviewer knows the identity of the author.
  • Double anonymous: The author does not know the identity of the reviewer and vice versa.
  • Open: Authors and reviewers know one another’s identities, during or after the review process.

Think. Check. Submit is another great resource on peer review and more broadly on identifying trusted journals and publishers for your research.

—Johns Hopkins University Press, January 2024